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Loslegen mit der Förderfibel

Nirgendwo haben es Firmengründer so schwer wie in Deutschland, so das Klischee. Die Realität sieht anders aus.

Fabian Sacharowitz knallt den bunten Kaffeepott aufs Tischfurnier. „Hier gibt’s guten deutschen Filterkaffee“, sagt der Berliner Firmengründer. Keinen Latte Macchiato für Webdesigner, sondern bodenständigen Bohnenkaffee für Armaturenhersteller. Vor fünf Jahren hat der 35 Jahre alte Jurist und Physiker mit seinen Brüdern Axel und Steffen im Süden Berlins die Firma „3S Antriebe“ gegründet, einen Spezialhersteller für automatisierte Armaturen in Wasser-, Gas- und Fernwärmenetzen. Heute ist der Mann mit Cordhose, spärlichem Haar und Dreitagebart der Geschäftsführer für acht Mitarbeiter, die einen Jahresumsatz von 325.000 Euro erwirtschaften. „Wir sind ein gutes Beispiel für die neuen mittelständischen Gründer“, sagt Sacharowitz, „wir haben die komplette deutsche Gründerförderung genossen.“
„Nirgendwo wird es Gründern so schwer gemacht wie in der Bundesrepublik“ So lautet ein altes Klischee. Die Geschichte der Gebrüder Sacharowitz beweist das Gegenteil. 2006 haben die „3S“ eine Idee: Sie wollen die Berliner Wasserbetriebe mit Armaturen versorgen, die nicht mehr mühselig von Hand gewartet werden müssen. Statt dessen sollen mobile und stationäre Antriebe die unterirdischen Ventile öffnen und schließen. Als sie einen ersten Blick in die „Förderfibel“ der Investitionsbank Berlin werfen, stoßen sie auf eine Auswahl von 80 Programmen, von Investitionen in Betriebsmittel über arbeitsmarktpolitische Förderung bis zur Gründerberatung. Die drei entscheiden sich für das Programm „Berlin Start“, über das sie ein günstiges Darlehen über 80.000 Euro aufnehmen, und legen los.
Berlin ist keine Ausnahme. „Nirgendwo gibt es eine vergleichbare Förderlandschaft wie in Deutschland“, sagt Marc Evers, Existenzgründerexperte des Deutschen Industrie- und Handelskammertages (DIHK). Allein die Förderdatenbank des Bundesministeriums für Wirtschaft und Technologie (BMWi) listet mehr als 300 Programme auf, von der europäischen bis zur lokalen Ebene. Der Hintergrund dieser immensen Förderung: Die kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen sorgen in Deutschland für 38,5 Prozent aller Umsätze, und stellen 60,2 Prozent der sozialversicherungspflichtig in Firmen Beschäftigten.
Verbände und Politik räumen Gründern daher immer mehr Steine aus dem Weg. So ist es seit November 2008 möglich, mit nur einem Euro Stammkapital eine so genannte „Mini GmbH“ zu gründen. Rund 45.000 Gründer haben sich seitdem als „Unternehmergesellschaft (haftungsbeschränkt)“ registrieren lassen. „Man muss sich also nicht mehr in Cardiff als ‚Limited‘ eintragen lassen“, sagt DIHK-Experte Evers.
Die Gebrüder Sacharowitz hätten sich so etwas schon einige Jahre früher gewünscht. Statt dessen gründen sie zunächst eine Gesellschaft bürgerlichen Rechts. Als sie ihre GbR ein Jahr später in eine GmbH umwandeln wollen, merken sie: „Das ist ziemlich kompliziert.“ Denn genau diesen Fall habe das Umwandlungsrecht nicht gut geregelt: „Das war selbst für mich nicht trivial“, sagt Sacharowitz, der Jurist.
Deutschland einig Gründerland? Bei dieser Frage gehen selbst statistische Erhebungen auseinander. So platziert die Weltbank die Bundesrepublik unter den 30 OECD-Industriestaaten nur auf Rang 24, wenn es um die Bedingungen für Start-ups geht. „Im internationalen Vergleich sind die Gründungszahlen in Deutschland weiterhin sehr klein“, sagt Prof. Rolf Sternberg von der Universität Hannover, der im Frühjahr den deutschen Länderbericht zur Vergleichsstudie „Global Entrepreneurship Monitor“ (GEM) vorstellt. Sternberg sieht trotzdem viel Licht: „Die Angst zu scheitern geht beständig zurück, und die Gründungs-Chancen in der eigenen Region werden immer positiver eingeschätzt.“ Auffällig auch: „Die Wirtschaftskrise hat keinen Einfluss mehr auf das Gründungsverhalten.“
Messbare Fortschritte listet das Bonner Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) auf. So verringerte sich die durchschnittlich für eine Gründung benötigte Zeit in den zwei Jahren nach 2007 deutlich: Von 6,3 Tagen auf 4,5 Tage, der EU-Schnitt liegt bei 7,4 Tagen. Notar und Amtsgericht dürfen sich heute elektronisch austauschen, und in Bayern, Hamburg sowie Rheinland-Pfalz ist die Gewerbeanmeldung schon komplett online möglich. Zudem müssen neue Firmen heute nicht mehr in Zeitungen angezeigt werden, sondern lediglich im elektronischen Bundesanzeiger, Kostenpunkt ein Euro. Die durchschnittlichen Ausgaben für eine Gründung sind seit 2007 dramatisch gesunken, von durchschnittlich 792 auf 166 Euro, Platz 8 im Kreise der EU-27.
Diese Entwicklung spiegelt sich auch in einem veränderten Gründungsverhalten wider. 60 Prozent der Existenzgründer, die sich bei den Handelskammern beraten lassen, sind arbeitslos, gründen also „aus der Not heraus“. „Steigt die Zahl der Arbeitslosen, steigt auch die Zahl der Existenzgründer“ – so gehe es in Deutschland seit Jahren, erläutert DIHK-Mann Evers. Dieser Trend scheint sich 2010 erstmals umzudrehen. Trotz sehr guter Arbeitsmarktdaten stieg die Zahl der Gründungen im vergangenen Jahr um drei Prozent. „Das ist noch nicht häufig vorgekommen“, sagt Michael Holz, Wirtschaftsforscher am IfM. Offenbar überwiege ein gegenläufiger Effekt: Ein positives Klima am Arbeitsmarkt kann sich positiv auf solche Gründungen auswirken, die auf Marktchancen reagieren. Auch die verbesserten Rahmenbedingungen dürften eine Rolle spielen.
Ganz entscheidend für Gründungen ist ein gesicherter Geldfluss, vor allem im kapital- und intensiven Technologiesektor. So nennen dann auch die für den GEM befragten Experten die Finanzierungsbedingungen in Deutschland als eine der größten Hemmschwellen – neben einer fehlenden „Gründerkultur“, fehlenden schulischen Anreizen sowie Steuer- und Regulierungsfragen. „Das können aber Klischees sein“, sagt Unternehmensforscher Sternberg: „In der Realität hat sich einiges verbessert.“
So erleben es auch die Berliner Gründer von „3S Antriebe“. Als ihre Entwicklungskosten das letzte Startgeld aufbrauchen, haben die drei Brüder längst beim Businessplan-Wettbewerb Berlin-Brandenburg mitgemacht – und gewonnen. In der Folge setzen Bekannte sie mit zwei privaten Investoren in Kontakt. „Keine weißhaarigen Jaguarfahrer, sondern ganz normale Leute, die gut verdient haben“, sagt Sacharowitz. Mit stillen Beteiligungen im Wert von 300.000 Euro werden sie das, was man neudeutsch „Business Angels“ nennt. Ein angelsächsisches Phänomen, das zunehmend auch in Deutschland die Finanzierung für Start-ups verbessert. Allein 1400 Akteure sind in den 40 Regionalnetzwerken des Dachverbands BAND organisiert, 2008 waren erst 1000. Hinzu kommen nach BAND-Schätzungen 4000 private Investoren, die nicht organisiert sind. Peer-Robin Paulus vom Verband der Familienunternehmer ASU ist überzeugt: „Im Zusammenspiel mit den Fördertöpfen ist Kapitalmangel da nicht mehr das große Problem.“
Bleibt die Angst, zu scheitern. Die Hälfte der Existenzgründer gibt binnen sechs Jahren auf. „Bei einer Insolvenz ist die Ächtung in Deutschland enorm hoch“, sagt Paulus. Deshalb will die Bundesregierung das Insolvenzrecht vereinfachen. Insolvenzen sollen häufiger in Eigenverwaltung statt unter Kontrolle des Insolvenzverwalters geregelt werden. Der Einfluss der Gläubiger soll ebenfalls gestärkt werden. Eine Restschuldbefreiung soll schon nach drei, und nicht mehr nach sechs Jahren möglich sein, um Gescheiterten schneller eine „zweite Chance“ zu geben. Es wird sogar diskutiert, den Unternehmen zu erlauben, bereits im Vorfeld einer Insolvenz mit den wesentlichen Gläubigern einen Sanierungsplan zu vereinbaren.
Noch lastet das Stigma einer Insolvenz in Deutschland überproportional schwer. Doch auch hier bewegt sich etwas, wie Prof. Sternberg über die Jahre beobachtet hat: Die Angst zu scheitern gehe beständig zurück, „die Angstvariable fällt“, gerade in Ostdeutschland.
Fabian Sacharowitz stellt seinen leeren Pott Kaffee auf eine Armatur und schaut auf sein Handy. Seine Brüder sind heute in Dortmund unterwegs, um automatisierte Ventile fürs Fernwärmenetz zu verkaufen. Rund 60 Antriebe haben die Brüder im letzten Jahr absetzen können, und sich bis heute rund eine Million Euro Investitionen sichern können. Wenn es jetzt gut läuft in Dortmund, in Kassel oder Hamburg, dann könnten es bald mehrere Hundert Stück sein. Der Gründer lächelt: „Wenn wir jemals scheitern sollten, hat es nicht an den Bedingungen gelegen.“

 
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Query #10 (0.00051s):
SELECT
Comment.id as 'Comment.id', Comment.flags as 'Comment.flags', Comment.status as 'Comment.status', Comment.user_id as 'Comment.user_id', Comment.foreign_id as 'Comment.foreign_id', Comment.model as 'Comment.model', Comment.name as 'Comment.name', Comment.email as 'Comment.email', Comment.url as 'Comment.url', Comment.text as 'Comment.text', Comment.created as 'Comment.created', Comment.updated as 'Comment.updated', BlogPost.id as 'BlogPost.id', BlogPost.flags as 'BlogPost.flags', BlogPost.status as 'BlogPost.status', BlogPost.views as 'BlogPost.views', BlogPost.user_id as 'BlogPost.user_id', BlogPost.uri as 'BlogPost.uri', BlogPost.headline as 'BlogPost.headline', BlogPost.text as 'BlogPost.text', BlogPost.tags as 'BlogPost.tags', BlogPost.published as 'BlogPost.published', BlogPost.created as 'BlogPost.created', BlogPost.updated as 'BlogPost.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_comments `Comment`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_blog_posts` BlogPost ON model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = BlogPost.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Comment.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Comment.status & 1 AND model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = 8
ORDER BY Comment.created DESC

Query #11 (0.00048s):
SELECT
Comment.id as 'Comment.id', Comment.flags as 'Comment.flags', Comment.status as 'Comment.status', Comment.user_id as 'Comment.user_id', Comment.foreign_id as 'Comment.foreign_id', Comment.model as 'Comment.model', Comment.name as 'Comment.name', Comment.email as 'Comment.email', Comment.url as 'Comment.url', Comment.text as 'Comment.text', Comment.created as 'Comment.created', Comment.updated as 'Comment.updated', BlogPost.id as 'BlogPost.id', BlogPost.flags as 'BlogPost.flags', BlogPost.status as 'BlogPost.status', BlogPost.views as 'BlogPost.views', BlogPost.user_id as 'BlogPost.user_id', BlogPost.uri as 'BlogPost.uri', BlogPost.headline as 'BlogPost.headline', BlogPost.text as 'BlogPost.text', BlogPost.tags as 'BlogPost.tags', BlogPost.published as 'BlogPost.published', BlogPost.created as 'BlogPost.created', BlogPost.updated as 'BlogPost.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_comments `Comment`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_blog_posts` BlogPost ON model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = BlogPost.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Comment.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Comment.status & 1 AND model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = 7
ORDER BY Comment.created DESC

Query #12 (0.00045s):
SELECT
Comment.id as 'Comment.id', Comment.flags as 'Comment.flags', Comment.status as 'Comment.status', Comment.user_id as 'Comment.user_id', Comment.foreign_id as 'Comment.foreign_id', Comment.model as 'Comment.model', Comment.name as 'Comment.name', Comment.email as 'Comment.email', Comment.url as 'Comment.url', Comment.text as 'Comment.text', Comment.created as 'Comment.created', Comment.updated as 'Comment.updated', BlogPost.id as 'BlogPost.id', BlogPost.flags as 'BlogPost.flags', BlogPost.status as 'BlogPost.status', BlogPost.views as 'BlogPost.views', BlogPost.user_id as 'BlogPost.user_id', BlogPost.uri as 'BlogPost.uri', BlogPost.headline as 'BlogPost.headline', BlogPost.text as 'BlogPost.text', BlogPost.tags as 'BlogPost.tags', BlogPost.published as 'BlogPost.published', BlogPost.created as 'BlogPost.created', BlogPost.updated as 'BlogPost.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_comments `Comment`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_blog_posts` BlogPost ON model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = BlogPost.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Comment.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Comment.status & 1 AND model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = 6
ORDER BY Comment.created DESC

Query #13 (0.00048s):
SELECT
Comment.id as 'Comment.id', Comment.flags as 'Comment.flags', Comment.status as 'Comment.status', Comment.user_id as 'Comment.user_id', Comment.foreign_id as 'Comment.foreign_id', Comment.model as 'Comment.model', Comment.name as 'Comment.name', Comment.email as 'Comment.email', Comment.url as 'Comment.url', Comment.text as 'Comment.text', Comment.created as 'Comment.created', Comment.updated as 'Comment.updated', BlogPost.id as 'BlogPost.id', BlogPost.flags as 'BlogPost.flags', BlogPost.status as 'BlogPost.status', BlogPost.views as 'BlogPost.views', BlogPost.user_id as 'BlogPost.user_id', BlogPost.uri as 'BlogPost.uri', BlogPost.headline as 'BlogPost.headline', BlogPost.text as 'BlogPost.text', BlogPost.tags as 'BlogPost.tags', BlogPost.published as 'BlogPost.published', BlogPost.created as 'BlogPost.created', BlogPost.updated as 'BlogPost.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_comments `Comment`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_blog_posts` BlogPost ON model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = BlogPost.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Comment.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Comment.status & 1 AND model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = 5
ORDER BY Comment.created DESC

Query #14 (0.00057s, 1 result/s):
SELECT
Node.id as 'Node.id', Node.parent_id as 'Node.parent_id', Node.lft as 'Node.lft', Node.rgt as 'Node.rgt', Node.level as 'Node.level', Node.flags as 'Node.flags', Node.status as 'Node.status', Node.user_id as 'Node.user_id', Node.name as 'Node.name', Node.template as 'Node.template', Node.published as 'Node.published', Node.created as 'Node.created', Node.updated as 'Node.updated', NodeTextDe.id as 'NodeTextDe.id', NodeTextDe.node_id as 'NodeTextDe.node_id', NodeTextDe.language_id as 'NodeTextDe.language_id', NodeTextDe.user_id as 'NodeTextDe.user_id', NodeTextDe.revision as 'NodeTextDe.revision', NodeTextDe.uri as 'NodeTextDe.uri', NodeTextDe.headline as 'NodeTextDe.headline', NodeTextDe.pagetitle as 'NodeTextDe.pagetitle', NodeTextDe.subline as 'NodeTextDe.subline', NodeTextDe.text as 'NodeTextDe.text', NodeTextDe.excerpt as 'NodeTextDe.excerpt', NodeTextDe.keywords as 'NodeTextDe.keywords', NodeTextDe.created as 'NodeTextDe.created', NodeTextDe.updated as 'NodeTextDe.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_nodes `Node`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_node_texts` NodeTextDe ON NodeTextDe.language_id = 1 AND Node.id = NodeTextDe.node_id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Node.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Node.status & 1 AND Node.name = 'Artikel'

Query #15 (0.00056s):
SELECT
MediaFile.id as 'MediaFile.id', MediaFile.unique_id as 'MediaFile.unique_id', MediaFile.folder_id as 'MediaFile.folder_id', MediaFile.node_id as 'MediaFile.node_id', MediaFile.user_id as 'MediaFile.user_id', MediaFile.use_model as 'MediaFile.use_model', MediaFile.flags as 'MediaFile.flags', MediaFile.filename as 'MediaFile.filename', MediaFile.source_url as 'MediaFile.source_url', MediaFile.url as 'MediaFile.url', MediaFile.filesize as 'MediaFile.filesize', MediaFile.mime_type as 'MediaFile.mime_type', MediaFile.width as 'MediaFile.width', MediaFile.height as 'MediaFile.height', MediaFile.downloads as 'MediaFile.downloads', MediaFile.views as 'MediaFile.views', MediaFile.position as 'MediaFile.position', MediaFile.created as 'MediaFile.created', MediaFile.updated as 'MediaFile.updated', TextDe.id as 'TextDe.id', TextDe.media_file_id as 'TextDe.media_file_id', TextDe.user_id as 'TextDe.user_id', TextDe.language_id as 'TextDe.language_id', TextDe.revision as 'TextDe.revision', TextDe.title as 'TextDe.title', TextDe.text as 'TextDe.text', TextDe.created as 'TextDe.created', TextDe.updated as 'TextDe.updated', Node.id as 'Node.id', Node.parent_id as 'Node.parent_id', Node.lft as 'Node.lft', Node.rgt as 'Node.rgt', Node.level as 'Node.level', Node.flags as 'Node.flags', Node.status as 'Node.status', Node.user_id as 'Node.user_id', Node.name as 'Node.name', Node.template as 'Node.template', Node.published as 'Node.published', Node.created as 'Node.created', Node.updated as 'Node.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated', Folder.id as 'Folder.id', Folder.parent_id as 'Folder.parent_id', Folder.lft as 'Folder.lft', Folder.rgt as 'Folder.rgt', Folder.level as 'Folder.level', Folder.flags as 'Folder.flags', Folder.name as 'Folder.name', Folder.uri as 'Folder.uri', Folder.content_order as 'Folder.content_order', Folder.created as 'Folder.created', Folder.updated as 'Folder.updated'
FROM
poganatz_media_files `MediaFile`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_media_texts` TextDe ON TextDe.language_id = 1 AND MediaFile.id = TextDe.media_file_id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_nodes` Node ON MediaFile.node_id = Node.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON MediaFile.user_id = User.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_folders` Folder ON MediaFile.folder_id = Folder.id
WHERE
MediaFile.node_id = 20
ORDER BY MediaFile.position ASC,MediaFile.created DESC

Query #16 (0.00338s, 51 result/s):
SELECT
/* Node->NestedSetBehavior->depth(depth: , depthModel: ) */
Node.id as 'Node.id', Node.parent_id as 'Node.parent_id', Node.lft as 'Node.lft', Node.rgt as 'Node.rgt', Node.level as 'Node.level', Node.flags as 'Node.flags', Node.status as 'Node.status', Node.user_id as 'Node.user_id', Node.name as 'Node.name', Node.template as 'Node.template', Node.published as 'Node.published', Node.created as 'Node.created', Node.updated as 'Node.updated', NodeTextDe.id as 'NodeTextDe.id', NodeTextDe.node_id as 'NodeTextDe.node_id', NodeTextDe.language_id as 'NodeTextDe.language_id', NodeTextDe.user_id as 'NodeTextDe.user_id', NodeTextDe.revision as 'NodeTextDe.revision', NodeTextDe.uri as 'NodeTextDe.uri', NodeTextDe.headline as 'NodeTextDe.headline', NodeTextDe.pagetitle as 'NodeTextDe.pagetitle', NodeTextDe.subline as 'NodeTextDe.subline', NodeTextDe.text as 'NodeTextDe.text', NodeTextDe.excerpt as 'NodeTextDe.excerpt', NodeTextDe.keywords as 'NodeTextDe.keywords', NodeTextDe.created as 'NodeTextDe.created', NodeTextDe.updated as 'NodeTextDe.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated', COUNT(p.id)-1 AS level
FROM
(poganatz_nodes `Node`, poganatz_nodes `p`)
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_node_texts` NodeTextDe ON NodeTextDe.language_id = 1 AND Node.id = NodeTextDe.node_id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Node.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Node.status & 1 AND Node.lft BETWEEN p.lft AND p.rgt AND Node.lft > 114 AND Node.rgt < 217 AND Node.level > 1
GROUP BY Node.lft
ORDER BY Node.lft

Query #17 (0.00065s, 1 result/s):
SELECT
Node.id as 'Node.id', Node.parent_id as 'Node.parent_id', Node.lft as 'Node.lft', Node.rgt as 'Node.rgt', Node.level as 'Node.level', Node.flags as 'Node.flags', Node.status as 'Node.status', Node.user_id as 'Node.user_id', Node.name as 'Node.name', Node.template as 'Node.template', Node.published as 'Node.published', Node.created as 'Node.created', Node.updated as 'Node.updated', NodeTextDe.id as 'NodeTextDe.id', NodeTextDe.node_id as 'NodeTextDe.node_id', NodeTextDe.language_id as 'NodeTextDe.language_id', NodeTextDe.user_id as 'NodeTextDe.user_id', NodeTextDe.revision as 'NodeTextDe.revision', NodeTextDe.uri as 'NodeTextDe.uri', NodeTextDe.headline as 'NodeTextDe.headline', NodeTextDe.pagetitle as 'NodeTextDe.pagetitle', NodeTextDe.subline as 'NodeTextDe.subline', NodeTextDe.text as 'NodeTextDe.text', NodeTextDe.excerpt as 'NodeTextDe.excerpt', NodeTextDe.keywords as 'NodeTextDe.keywords', NodeTextDe.created as 'NodeTextDe.created', NodeTextDe.updated as 'NodeTextDe.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_nodes `Node`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_node_texts` NodeTextDe ON NodeTextDe.language_id = 1 AND Node.id = NodeTextDe.node_id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Node.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Node.status & 1 AND Node.id = 20

Query #18 (0.00166s, 3 result/s):
SELECT
Node.id as 'Node.id', Node.parent_id as 'Node.parent_id', Node.lft as 'Node.lft', Node.rgt as 'Node.rgt', Node.level as 'Node.level', Node.flags as 'Node.flags', Node.status as 'Node.status', Node.user_id as 'Node.user_id', Node.name as 'Node.name', Node.template as 'Node.template', Node.published as 'Node.published', Node.created as 'Node.created', Node.updated as 'Node.updated', NodeTextDe.id as 'NodeTextDe.id', NodeTextDe.node_id as 'NodeTextDe.node_id', NodeTextDe.language_id as 'NodeTextDe.language_id', NodeTextDe.user_id as 'NodeTextDe.user_id', NodeTextDe.revision as 'NodeTextDe.revision', NodeTextDe.uri as 'NodeTextDe.uri', NodeTextDe.headline as 'NodeTextDe.headline', NodeTextDe.pagetitle as 'NodeTextDe.pagetitle', NodeTextDe.subline as 'NodeTextDe.subline', NodeTextDe.text as 'NodeTextDe.text', NodeTextDe.excerpt as 'NodeTextDe.excerpt', NodeTextDe.keywords as 'NodeTextDe.keywords', NodeTextDe.created as 'NodeTextDe.created', NodeTextDe.updated as 'NodeTextDe.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_nodes `Node`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_node_texts` NodeTextDe ON NodeTextDe.language_id = 1 AND Node.id = NodeTextDe.node_id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Node.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Node.status & 1 AND 137 BETWEEN Node.lft AND Node.rgt
ORDER BY Node.lft