Artikel

Mehr Sicherheit - Dank Risiko

Jeder Mensch hat einen Risiko-Thermostat. Der Wunsch, ihn Richtung „mehr Kick“ aufzudrehen, steigt in einer Welt voller Regeln. Jetzt steht fest: Weniger Schutzmaßnahmen machen das Leben oft sicherer. Im Verkehr und anderswo

John Adams tritt aus dem Pub „The Crown“ und fixiert eine Säule auf der anderen Straßenseite. Zwischen Kneipe und Denkmal schieben sich schwarze London-Taxis hindurch. Adams beachtet sie nicht. Tunnelblick. Dann läuft er vors Auto.

John Adams ist nicht lebensmüde, er hat sein Risiko wohl kalkuliert.Er ist Großbritanniens bekanntester Risikoforscher und einer der wichtigsten Wagnisexperten der Welt. Und tatsächlich: Der Cab-Fahrer bremst ab und lässt Adams passieren. Der pensionierte Professor des Londoner University College weiß, warum: Schon bevor der Taxifahrer in den Kreisverkehr eingebogen ist, sind seine Sinne auf Alarm gestellt. Der Seven Dials Court in London ist ein stark befahrener Platz: Sieben Straßen laufen dort aufeinander zu; Passanten und Touristen überqueren das Rondell; Radfahrer rasen aus
den Einmündungen. Trotzdem gibt es dort keine Bordsteinkanten, keine Fußgängerbarrieren,
keine eingezeichneten Fahrspuren und fast keine Schilder. Es fehlt alles, was Autofahrer und Passanten in falscher Sicherheit wiegen würde.

Der Londoner Kreisverkehr ist eine der vielen Inseln der Freiheit, die zurzeit in Europa entstehen – auch in Deutschland. So genannte „Shared Spaces“, gemeinsam genutzte Plätze, auf denen Autofahrer, Radfahrer und Fußgänger sich nicht auf Ampeln und Schilder verlassen können. In einer überregulierten, überversicherten Gesellschaft sind es die Orte, an denen das Pendel erstmals zurückschwingt. Gegen die allgegenwärtige Angstmache. Gegen den Vorschriftendschungel, der uns schützen soll vor Terroristen, Rasern, Kinderschändern, Jugendbanden oder Rauchern. Orte wie Seven Dials oder die Dorfstraße im niedersächsischen Bohmte beweisen: Menschen sollten selbstbewusster mit Risiken umgehen. Denn blindes Vertrauen verleitet zu Unvorsichtigkeit.

Kann zu viel Sicherheit also gefährlich sein? Eine Vielzahl psychologischer Studien weist darauf hin. Menschen wägen Nutzen und Wagnis unbewusst ab. Der kanadische Psychologe Gerald Wilde nennt dieses Prinzip „Risiko-Kompensation“: Jeder Mensch sei mit einem inneren Risiko-Thermostat ausgestattet, das er konstant ausgleicht. So werden Menschen nicht nur vorsichtiger, wenn sie sich bedroht fühlen – wenn sie sich sicher fühlen, werden sie auch unvorsichtiger. Sie suchen die Gefahr - damit das Thermostat wieder stimmt. „Wir suchen konstant unser Risiko-Wohlfühl-Level“, sagt der Psychologe Rüdiger Trimpop von der Universität Jena.

So passiert es leicht, dass vermeintliche Schutzmaßnahmen ins Leere greifen. Als finnische Holzfäller mit Schutzkleidung ausgestattet wurden, fiel zwar die Zahl schwerer Verletzungen. Weil die Männer unvorsichtiger arbeiteten, nahm die Gesamtzahl der Unfälle jedoch nicht ab. Die ebenso unerwartete Nebenwirkung von Fahrradhelmen zeigte eine Untersuchung an der Universität von Bath: Radler mit Helm werden von den Autofahrern stärker geschnitten. Selbst der unzweifelhafte Schutz durch Kondome kann offenbar trügen: Steven Pinkerton von der Universität Wisconsin hat nachgewiesen, dass die Benutzer von Präservativen ihr Aids-Risiko erhöhen, indem sie mit mehr Partnern schlafen. Dies gelte zumindest für homosexuelle Männer.

„Menschen passen ihr Verhalten so an, dass sie neu gewonnene Sicherheit gleich wieder aufgeben“, erläutert der Verkehrspsychologe Bernhard Schlag von der Technischen Universität Dresden. Scheint die Straße sicher, geben sie mehr Gas. Schützt sie ein Airbag, fahren sie näher auf. Tragen ihre Kinder Helme, dürfen sie gefährlichere Spiele spielen. Und fühlen sie sich geborgen im eigenen Heim, steigen sie auf Drehstühle, um die Glühbirne zu wechseln. „Wenn es dem Esel zu wohl wird, geht er aufs Eis“, sagt der Volksmund. Eine Prise weniger Vertrauen in die allgegenwärtigen Sicherheitsversprechen, vom Antiblockiersystem bis zum Virenscanner, kann also nicht schaden. Menschen können Wahrscheinlichkeiten nämlich schlecht einschätzen und lassen sich leicht blenden, warnt Bernhard Schlag: „Risikoeinschätzung ist ein schwieriges Geschäft.“

Erhöht man das Risiko, steigt die Sicherheit, ist der interessante Umkehrschluss. Schilderfreie Straßen sind dafür nur das prominenteste Beispiel. „Die Idee dahinter ist viel größer als es bei Shared Space zum Ausdruck kommt“, sagt der Verkehrspsychologe Schlag. Verbote seien auf Dauer weit weniger wirksam als freiwillige Verhaltensweisen, die ganz natürlich aus einer Situation entstehen – zum Beispiel, wenn die Straße plötzlich enger wird. Die Erkenntnisse der Psychologen über diese „internale Steuerung“ nagen an der Illusion der verordneten Sicherheit. Sie sagen: Kontrollverlust kann heilsam sein, denn er schärft unsere Sinne.

So zeigen Statistiken, dass Autofahrer vorsichtiger werden, wenn sie mit Glätte rechnen. Schlag spricht in solchen Fällen nicht von „Gefahr“, sondern von „kognitivem Risiko“. Das bewusste Eingehen von Risiken gehöre zu unserer Entwicklung. Natürlich streitet kein Forscher ab, dass Helme oder Gurte Leben retten, wenn es zum Aufprall kommt. Ohne diese Absicherungen aber würden sich viele Unfälle erst gar nicht ereignen. „Fahren Sie mal ein nicht festgeschnalltes Baby durch die Stadt“, sagt der Risikoforscher Adams: „Sie werden fahren, als hätten Sie rohe Eier auf dem Dach.“

Der Drang, auf Nummer sicher gehen zu wollen, ist bei Frauen stärker ausgeprägt als bei Männern. Viele Frauen fahren „mit angezogener Handbremse durchs Leben“, glaubt die Managementtrainerin Irene Becker. Dadurch nähmen sie häufig Karrierenachteile in Kauf. Dass Frauen aufgrund ihrer Erziehung deutlich risikoscheuer sind als Männer, haben Alison Booth und Patrick Nolen von der Universität Essex jüngst bestätigt. Die Ökonomen stellten Probanden dreier Gruppen vor eine Wahl: Schülerinnen reiner Mädchenschulen sowie Schüler aus gemischten Klassen mussten sich entscheiden, entweder eine garantierte Geldsumme zu erhalten, oder sich auf ein Glücksspiel einzulassen. Während die Schülerinnen der Mädchenschulen genauso riskant spielten wie die gleichaltrigen Jungen, spielten die Mädchen in gemischten Klassen lieber auf Nummer sicher.

„Die Leute wollen Garantien haben, die es nicht gibt“, sagt Profi-Coach Becker. Sie hat kürzlich das „Kein Angsthasenbuch“ herausgebracht: „Warum sich Risikofreude für Frauen lohnt“. Sie zeigt, dass Frauen sich seltener selbständig machen und beim Gehalt zu defensiv verhandeln. Sie berichtet aber auch von Frauen, die sich im Dunkeln nicht vor die Tür trauen, und solchen, die sich nicht durchringen können, ihre langen Haare abzuschneiden. Becker empfiehlt, Risiken bewusst einzugehen. So wie der Taxifahrer, der vorsichtig in einen ungesicherten Kreisverkehr einbiegt. „Oft treffen wir dann die besten Entscheidungen“, sagt die Trainerin. Und ein bisschen mehr Adrenalin könne ja auch nicht schaden.

„Das größte Risiko ist, keines einzugehen.“ Der renommierte Risikoforscher Aaron Wildavsky war davon überzeugt, dass unsere Gesellschaft nicht versuchen sollte, alle möglichen Gefahren auszuschließen. „Das Risiko minimieren zu wollen, ist unmenschlich“, sagt Rüdiger Trimpop. Dass sich inzwischen sogar Verkehrsbehörden mit diesem Gedanken anfreunden, ist revolutionär. Im aktuellen Londoner Straßen-Handbuch schreiben die Beamten: „Fahrer passen ihr Verhalten an, um ein stetiges Risiko-Niveau aufrecht zu erhalten.“ Das deutsche Verkehrsministerium hat jüngst neun Verkehrszeichen abgeschafft. Und die EU pumpt Millionen von Euro in das Projekt „Shared Space“: In Brandenburg haben sich zehn Kommunen beworben, in Hochdorf bei Stuttgart läuft ein Pilotversuch, auch Hamburg will aufspringen, und in Berlin wollen Politiker die Friedrichstraße rückbauen.

Im niedersächsischen Bohmte ist Shared Space schon Realität: Entlang der Durchgangsstraße wurden alle Schilder entfernt. Eine ehemalige Problemkreuzung fühlt sich seitdem so an wie ein Marktplatz. Augenkontakte bestimmen, wer Vorfahrt hat. Das erhöhte Risiko führt zu mehr Vorsicht, das stärkere Nebeneinander zu mehr Rücksicht. Eine Studie der FH Osnabrück zeigt, dass der Verkehr in Bohmte besser fließt, weniger Personen zu Schaden kommen, und die Anwohner das neue Straßenbild „sauber und gemütlich“ finden. Von den 14 leichten Kollisionen mit Sachschaden ereigneten sich 9 beim rückwärts Ausparken – alle an derselben Laterne. Ähnlich positive Zahlen berichten auch Testgemeinden aus Holland und England. So haben die Anwohner am Londoner Seven Dials Court in den vergangenen zwölf Jahren keinen ernsten Unfall erlebt, und an der rückgebauten Kensington Highstreet sind die Unfallzahlen um rund die Hälfte gefallen.

Für den Risikoforscher John Adams ist die Welt an diesen Orten wieder ein Stück weit normaler geworden. Zufrieden setzt er sich unter die Säule am Seven Dials Court und sieht zu, wie ein Radfahrer einen Fußgänger vorlässt. „Wenn unser Risiko-Thermostat auf Null gesetzt würde, wäre das Leben doch todlangweilig“, sinniert er: „Schnelligkeit, Sport, Sex – der Mensch braucht ein wenig Aufregung, um geistig fit zu bleiben.“ Der Bonner Wirtschaftsforscher Armin Falk würde ihm in diesem Punkt sicher zustimmen: In Experimenten fand er heraus, dass risikobereite Menschen mit ihrem Leben zufriedener sind.

 
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WHERE
BlogPost.status & 1 AND BlogPost.published < UNIX_TIMESTAMP()
ORDER BY BlogPost.flags & 2048 DESC,BlogPost.published DESC
LIMIT 0, 4

Query #10 (0.01175s):
SELECT
Comment.id as 'Comment.id', Comment.flags as 'Comment.flags', Comment.status as 'Comment.status', Comment.user_id as 'Comment.user_id', Comment.foreign_id as 'Comment.foreign_id', Comment.model as 'Comment.model', Comment.name as 'Comment.name', Comment.email as 'Comment.email', Comment.url as 'Comment.url', Comment.text as 'Comment.text', Comment.created as 'Comment.created', Comment.updated as 'Comment.updated', BlogPost.id as 'BlogPost.id', BlogPost.flags as 'BlogPost.flags', BlogPost.status as 'BlogPost.status', BlogPost.views as 'BlogPost.views', BlogPost.user_id as 'BlogPost.user_id', BlogPost.uri as 'BlogPost.uri', BlogPost.headline as 'BlogPost.headline', BlogPost.text as 'BlogPost.text', BlogPost.tags as 'BlogPost.tags', BlogPost.published as 'BlogPost.published', BlogPost.created as 'BlogPost.created', BlogPost.updated as 'BlogPost.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_comments `Comment`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_blog_posts` BlogPost ON model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = BlogPost.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Comment.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Comment.status & 1 AND model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = 8
ORDER BY Comment.created DESC

Query #11 (0.00057s):
SELECT
Comment.id as 'Comment.id', Comment.flags as 'Comment.flags', Comment.status as 'Comment.status', Comment.user_id as 'Comment.user_id', Comment.foreign_id as 'Comment.foreign_id', Comment.model as 'Comment.model', Comment.name as 'Comment.name', Comment.email as 'Comment.email', Comment.url as 'Comment.url', Comment.text as 'Comment.text', Comment.created as 'Comment.created', Comment.updated as 'Comment.updated', BlogPost.id as 'BlogPost.id', BlogPost.flags as 'BlogPost.flags', BlogPost.status as 'BlogPost.status', BlogPost.views as 'BlogPost.views', BlogPost.user_id as 'BlogPost.user_id', BlogPost.uri as 'BlogPost.uri', BlogPost.headline as 'BlogPost.headline', BlogPost.text as 'BlogPost.text', BlogPost.tags as 'BlogPost.tags', BlogPost.published as 'BlogPost.published', BlogPost.created as 'BlogPost.created', BlogPost.updated as 'BlogPost.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_comments `Comment`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_blog_posts` BlogPost ON model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = BlogPost.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Comment.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Comment.status & 1 AND model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = 7
ORDER BY Comment.created DESC

Query #12 (0.00062s):
SELECT
Comment.id as 'Comment.id', Comment.flags as 'Comment.flags', Comment.status as 'Comment.status', Comment.user_id as 'Comment.user_id', Comment.foreign_id as 'Comment.foreign_id', Comment.model as 'Comment.model', Comment.name as 'Comment.name', Comment.email as 'Comment.email', Comment.url as 'Comment.url', Comment.text as 'Comment.text', Comment.created as 'Comment.created', Comment.updated as 'Comment.updated', BlogPost.id as 'BlogPost.id', BlogPost.flags as 'BlogPost.flags', BlogPost.status as 'BlogPost.status', BlogPost.views as 'BlogPost.views', BlogPost.user_id as 'BlogPost.user_id', BlogPost.uri as 'BlogPost.uri', BlogPost.headline as 'BlogPost.headline', BlogPost.text as 'BlogPost.text', BlogPost.tags as 'BlogPost.tags', BlogPost.published as 'BlogPost.published', BlogPost.created as 'BlogPost.created', BlogPost.updated as 'BlogPost.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_comments `Comment`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_blog_posts` BlogPost ON model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = BlogPost.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Comment.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Comment.status & 1 AND model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = 6
ORDER BY Comment.created DESC

Query #13 (0.0006s):
SELECT
Comment.id as 'Comment.id', Comment.flags as 'Comment.flags', Comment.status as 'Comment.status', Comment.user_id as 'Comment.user_id', Comment.foreign_id as 'Comment.foreign_id', Comment.model as 'Comment.model', Comment.name as 'Comment.name', Comment.email as 'Comment.email', Comment.url as 'Comment.url', Comment.text as 'Comment.text', Comment.created as 'Comment.created', Comment.updated as 'Comment.updated', BlogPost.id as 'BlogPost.id', BlogPost.flags as 'BlogPost.flags', BlogPost.status as 'BlogPost.status', BlogPost.views as 'BlogPost.views', BlogPost.user_id as 'BlogPost.user_id', BlogPost.uri as 'BlogPost.uri', BlogPost.headline as 'BlogPost.headline', BlogPost.text as 'BlogPost.text', BlogPost.tags as 'BlogPost.tags', BlogPost.published as 'BlogPost.published', BlogPost.created as 'BlogPost.created', BlogPost.updated as 'BlogPost.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_comments `Comment`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_blog_posts` BlogPost ON model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = BlogPost.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Comment.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Comment.status & 1 AND model = 'BlogPost' AND Comment.foreign_id = 5
ORDER BY Comment.created DESC

Query #14 (0.0007s, 1 result/s):
SELECT
Node.id as 'Node.id', Node.parent_id as 'Node.parent_id', Node.lft as 'Node.lft', Node.rgt as 'Node.rgt', Node.level as 'Node.level', Node.flags as 'Node.flags', Node.status as 'Node.status', Node.user_id as 'Node.user_id', Node.name as 'Node.name', Node.template as 'Node.template', Node.published as 'Node.published', Node.created as 'Node.created', Node.updated as 'Node.updated', NodeTextDe.id as 'NodeTextDe.id', NodeTextDe.node_id as 'NodeTextDe.node_id', NodeTextDe.language_id as 'NodeTextDe.language_id', NodeTextDe.user_id as 'NodeTextDe.user_id', NodeTextDe.revision as 'NodeTextDe.revision', NodeTextDe.uri as 'NodeTextDe.uri', NodeTextDe.headline as 'NodeTextDe.headline', NodeTextDe.pagetitle as 'NodeTextDe.pagetitle', NodeTextDe.subline as 'NodeTextDe.subline', NodeTextDe.text as 'NodeTextDe.text', NodeTextDe.excerpt as 'NodeTextDe.excerpt', NodeTextDe.keywords as 'NodeTextDe.keywords', NodeTextDe.created as 'NodeTextDe.created', NodeTextDe.updated as 'NodeTextDe.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_nodes `Node`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_node_texts` NodeTextDe ON NodeTextDe.language_id = 1 AND Node.id = NodeTextDe.node_id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Node.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Node.status & 1 AND Node.name = 'Artikel'

Query #15 (0.00058s):
SELECT
MediaFile.id as 'MediaFile.id', MediaFile.unique_id as 'MediaFile.unique_id', MediaFile.folder_id as 'MediaFile.folder_id', MediaFile.node_id as 'MediaFile.node_id', MediaFile.user_id as 'MediaFile.user_id', MediaFile.use_model as 'MediaFile.use_model', MediaFile.flags as 'MediaFile.flags', MediaFile.filename as 'MediaFile.filename', MediaFile.source_url as 'MediaFile.source_url', MediaFile.url as 'MediaFile.url', MediaFile.filesize as 'MediaFile.filesize', MediaFile.mime_type as 'MediaFile.mime_type', MediaFile.width as 'MediaFile.width', MediaFile.height as 'MediaFile.height', MediaFile.downloads as 'MediaFile.downloads', MediaFile.views as 'MediaFile.views', MediaFile.position as 'MediaFile.position', MediaFile.created as 'MediaFile.created', MediaFile.updated as 'MediaFile.updated', TextDe.id as 'TextDe.id', TextDe.media_file_id as 'TextDe.media_file_id', TextDe.user_id as 'TextDe.user_id', TextDe.language_id as 'TextDe.language_id', TextDe.revision as 'TextDe.revision', TextDe.title as 'TextDe.title', TextDe.text as 'TextDe.text', TextDe.created as 'TextDe.created', TextDe.updated as 'TextDe.updated', Node.id as 'Node.id', Node.parent_id as 'Node.parent_id', Node.lft as 'Node.lft', Node.rgt as 'Node.rgt', Node.level as 'Node.level', Node.flags as 'Node.flags', Node.status as 'Node.status', Node.user_id as 'Node.user_id', Node.name as 'Node.name', Node.template as 'Node.template', Node.published as 'Node.published', Node.created as 'Node.created', Node.updated as 'Node.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated', Folder.id as 'Folder.id', Folder.parent_id as 'Folder.parent_id', Folder.lft as 'Folder.lft', Folder.rgt as 'Folder.rgt', Folder.level as 'Folder.level', Folder.flags as 'Folder.flags', Folder.name as 'Folder.name', Folder.uri as 'Folder.uri', Folder.content_order as 'Folder.content_order', Folder.created as 'Folder.created', Folder.updated as 'Folder.updated'
FROM
poganatz_media_files `MediaFile`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_media_texts` TextDe ON TextDe.language_id = 1 AND MediaFile.id = TextDe.media_file_id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_nodes` Node ON MediaFile.node_id = Node.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON MediaFile.user_id = User.id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_folders` Folder ON MediaFile.folder_id = Folder.id
WHERE
MediaFile.node_id = 20
ORDER BY MediaFile.position ASC,MediaFile.created DESC

Query #16 (0.00368s, 51 result/s):
SELECT
/* Node->NestedSetBehavior->depth(depth: , depthModel: ) */
Node.id as 'Node.id', Node.parent_id as 'Node.parent_id', Node.lft as 'Node.lft', Node.rgt as 'Node.rgt', Node.level as 'Node.level', Node.flags as 'Node.flags', Node.status as 'Node.status', Node.user_id as 'Node.user_id', Node.name as 'Node.name', Node.template as 'Node.template', Node.published as 'Node.published', Node.created as 'Node.created', Node.updated as 'Node.updated', NodeTextDe.id as 'NodeTextDe.id', NodeTextDe.node_id as 'NodeTextDe.node_id', NodeTextDe.language_id as 'NodeTextDe.language_id', NodeTextDe.user_id as 'NodeTextDe.user_id', NodeTextDe.revision as 'NodeTextDe.revision', NodeTextDe.uri as 'NodeTextDe.uri', NodeTextDe.headline as 'NodeTextDe.headline', NodeTextDe.pagetitle as 'NodeTextDe.pagetitle', NodeTextDe.subline as 'NodeTextDe.subline', NodeTextDe.text as 'NodeTextDe.text', NodeTextDe.excerpt as 'NodeTextDe.excerpt', NodeTextDe.keywords as 'NodeTextDe.keywords', NodeTextDe.created as 'NodeTextDe.created', NodeTextDe.updated as 'NodeTextDe.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated', COUNT(p.id)-1 AS level
FROM
(poganatz_nodes `Node`, poganatz_nodes `p`)
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_node_texts` NodeTextDe ON NodeTextDe.language_id = 1 AND Node.id = NodeTextDe.node_id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Node.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Node.status & 1 AND Node.lft BETWEEN p.lft AND p.rgt AND Node.lft > 114 AND Node.rgt < 217 AND Node.level > 1
GROUP BY Node.lft
ORDER BY Node.lft

Query #17 (0.00097s, 1 result/s):
SELECT
Node.id as 'Node.id', Node.parent_id as 'Node.parent_id', Node.lft as 'Node.lft', Node.rgt as 'Node.rgt', Node.level as 'Node.level', Node.flags as 'Node.flags', Node.status as 'Node.status', Node.user_id as 'Node.user_id', Node.name as 'Node.name', Node.template as 'Node.template', Node.published as 'Node.published', Node.created as 'Node.created', Node.updated as 'Node.updated', NodeTextDe.id as 'NodeTextDe.id', NodeTextDe.node_id as 'NodeTextDe.node_id', NodeTextDe.language_id as 'NodeTextDe.language_id', NodeTextDe.user_id as 'NodeTextDe.user_id', NodeTextDe.revision as 'NodeTextDe.revision', NodeTextDe.uri as 'NodeTextDe.uri', NodeTextDe.headline as 'NodeTextDe.headline', NodeTextDe.pagetitle as 'NodeTextDe.pagetitle', NodeTextDe.subline as 'NodeTextDe.subline', NodeTextDe.text as 'NodeTextDe.text', NodeTextDe.excerpt as 'NodeTextDe.excerpt', NodeTextDe.keywords as 'NodeTextDe.keywords', NodeTextDe.created as 'NodeTextDe.created', NodeTextDe.updated as 'NodeTextDe.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_nodes `Node`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_node_texts` NodeTextDe ON NodeTextDe.language_id = 1 AND Node.id = NodeTextDe.node_id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Node.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Node.status & 1 AND Node.id = 20

Query #18 (0.00154s, 3 result/s):
SELECT
Node.id as 'Node.id', Node.parent_id as 'Node.parent_id', Node.lft as 'Node.lft', Node.rgt as 'Node.rgt', Node.level as 'Node.level', Node.flags as 'Node.flags', Node.status as 'Node.status', Node.user_id as 'Node.user_id', Node.name as 'Node.name', Node.template as 'Node.template', Node.published as 'Node.published', Node.created as 'Node.created', Node.updated as 'Node.updated', NodeTextDe.id as 'NodeTextDe.id', NodeTextDe.node_id as 'NodeTextDe.node_id', NodeTextDe.language_id as 'NodeTextDe.language_id', NodeTextDe.user_id as 'NodeTextDe.user_id', NodeTextDe.revision as 'NodeTextDe.revision', NodeTextDe.uri as 'NodeTextDe.uri', NodeTextDe.headline as 'NodeTextDe.headline', NodeTextDe.pagetitle as 'NodeTextDe.pagetitle', NodeTextDe.subline as 'NodeTextDe.subline', NodeTextDe.text as 'NodeTextDe.text', NodeTextDe.excerpt as 'NodeTextDe.excerpt', NodeTextDe.keywords as 'NodeTextDe.keywords', NodeTextDe.created as 'NodeTextDe.created', NodeTextDe.updated as 'NodeTextDe.updated', User.id as 'User.id', User.flags as 'User.flags', User.status as 'User.status', User.group_id as 'User.group_id', User.name as 'User.name', User.email as 'User.email', User.password as 'User.password', User.description as 'User.description', User.ip as 'User.ip', User.permanent_key as 'User.permanent_key', User.logins as 'User.logins', User.lastlogin as 'User.lastlogin', User.login_failed_start as 'User.login_failed_start', User.login_failed_count as 'User.login_failed_count', User.created as 'User.created', User.updated as 'User.updated'
FROM
poganatz_nodes `Node`
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_node_texts` NodeTextDe ON NodeTextDe.language_id = 1 AND Node.id = NodeTextDe.node_id
LEFT JOIN `poganatz_users` User ON Node.user_id = User.id
WHERE
Node.status & 1 AND 117 BETWEEN Node.lft AND Node.rgt
ORDER BY Node.lft